Iframes

Userflow supports iframes out-of-the-box as long as your app lives up to a few requirements.

Native support

Native iframe support is still a work-in-progress. Manually selected elements (via text or CSS selector) are not supported yet. Auto-selected elements (which we recommed using anyway) work flawlessly.

Userflow supports iframes natively if your app follows these rules:

  • The top-level document and the iframe document must be on the same domain. Examples:
    • ✅ Same domain: Top-level document is https://example.com/app and iframe is https://example.com/components/dashboard .
    • ✅ Different subdomains (with below subdomain work-around ): Top-level document is https://app.example.com/ and iframe is https://components.example.com/dashboard .
    • ❌ Different domains: Top-level document is https://example.com/app and iframe is https://other.com/components/dashboard . See Alternative methods .
  • The sandbox attribute must not be set on the <iframe> element.

You should only install the Userflow.js snippet in the top-level document. Don’t install it within iframes.

Nested iframes (i.e. iframes inside other iframes) are also supported, as long as they follow the same rules.

Work-around for different subdomains

If the top-level document and the iframe is on different subdomains, but share the same domain ending, such as app.example.com and components.example.com (which both end in example.com ), then you’ll need to add the following line of code in both documents:

document.domain = 'example.com'

This tells browsers that communication between the 2 frames are allowed. In most cases this is fine, but you may want to consult with your security team before making this change.

Alternative methods

If your iframe is on a completely different domain than the top-level document, you won’t be able to select elements with Userflow inside the iframe.

There are 2 methods to solve this problem.

Alternative method 1: Use speech bubbles for the iframe part

The simplest way to deal with iframes is to use speech bubbles for the steps related to the iframe. Add a “Next” button to take the user through each step.

speech-bubbles-next-button

Alternative method 2: Separate flows between top-level document and iframe

If you want to use tooltips for the iframe part of your flows, you can take a more sophisticated approach:

  • Step 1 : Make sure Userflow.js is installed both in the top-level document and in the iframe.
  • Step 2 : Split up flows into separate flows for the top-level document vs. the iframe part. One can trigger the iframe part of the flow using “Add action -> Start Flow” on the last step of the top-level flow.
  • Step 3 : When selecting elements for the iframe flows, you need to use the URL of the iframe. This is a separate URL from the top-level document.
select-element

Special Case: Iframe covering entire app

If your iframe covers the entire top-level document, you similarly to method 2 need to make sure that you install Userflow.js inside the iframe and that you use the iframe URL to select elements when building flows.

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